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关于构建我国外来入侵物种环境危害防控监督管理体系的思考_论文

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? 生态与农村环境学报? 2015, 31 (5) : 652-657 Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment 关于构建我国外来入侵物种环境危害 防控监督管理体系的思考 丁? 晖1 , 马方舟1 , 吴? 军1 , 雷军成1,2 , 乐志芳1 , 徐海根1① ? ( 1 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所国家环境保 护生物安全重点实验室, 江苏 南京? 210042; 2 南京林业大学生物与环境学院, 江苏 南京? 210037) 摘要: 外来入侵物种是造成全球生物多样性丧失的主要威胁因素, 我国是世界上受外来入侵物种危害最严重的 国家之一? *年来,我国外来入侵物种的发生态势出现重大变化, 呈现出许多新特点, 但现行管理制度不健全, 管 理策略不完善,技术支撑薄弱, 管理能力不强? 要建立以环境危害防控为目标的管理体系, 形成 引进 群 传播扩散 危害防控监督管理体系的构建方案? 适应的管理框架?管理目标?管理范围?管理对象?基本原则?主要制度和措施, 初步形成了我国外来入侵物种环境 关键词: 外来入侵物种; 环境危害; 防控; 监督管理体系 DOI: 10.11934 / j.issn.1673-4831.2015.05.006 中图分类号: X-01? ? 文献标志码: A? ? 文章编号: 1673-4831(2015)05-0652-06 Considerations of Building up a Supervision and Management System for Prevention and Control of Invasive Zhi?fang1 , XU Hai?gen1 ( 1 State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory on Biosafety, Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042, China; 2 College of Biology and the En? vironment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China) Abstract : Invasive alien species are major threats to biodiversity at the global level. China is among the countries most af? 发生危害 过程中的 无缝 监管,提高防控措施的技术水*和综合运用能力? 研究提出了与此相 建立种 Alien Species Posing Environmental Hazards in China. DING Hui 1 , MA Fang?zhou1 , WU Jun1 , LEI Jun?cheng1,2 , LE fected by invasive alien species. Especially in recent years, the situation has changed greatly, displaying a number of new characteristics. In coping with the changing situation, it is found that the governance system is incomplete, management essential and critical to build up an environment?hazard?control?oriented holistic governance system, a seamless supervi? sion network over the entire process of introduction?population?establishment?dissimilation and proliferation?hazard forma? tion , and a set of control measures high in technical level and comprehensive applicability. To address the issue, a holis? institutions and measures, which tentatively form a program for building up a supervision and management system for pre? vention and control of invasive alien species posing environmental hazards. tic governance system is brought forth, that including framework, targets, scope, objects, fundamental principles, main Key words: invasive alien species; environmental hazard; prevention and control; supervision and management system strategy imperfect, technological support inadequate and management capacity insufficient in the country. It is, therefore, ? ? 外来入侵物种是造成全球生物多样性丧失的 主要威胁因素 [1] ?



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