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lecture 2 creation of the world

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1. The bible is divided into 2 parts, the old_____and the new________. 2. The Old Testament tells of a time before ______and it follows the history of _____. The book sharing stories of Creation of the world is called______. The book telling how Moses led Jewish people out of Egypt is called_____. 3. The New Testament is a collection of _____books, of 4 different genres of Christian literature,_____,_____, ______and______. _____is the central figure.

Lecture 2 Creation - Stories in Genesis By Liying

Lecture 2

Creation
1 2 3 4 5
Creation of the World Beginning of Human being Man?s First Sin Cain Killed His Brother Noah?s Ark The Tower of Babel

6

Story 1: Creation of the world
In Greek Myth
Primal, self created gods, beginning with Chaos; Different gods reign different parts of the world In the beginning: Chaos; “an egg”; Pangu

Comparison
Chaos→ darkness & Night → Love Eros → Light and Day

In Chinese Myth

In the Bible
In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth, the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters. (Genesis 1:1-2)

Story 1: Creation of the world
In Greek Myth

Comparison
In the Bible

? Prometheus ? “With dust”

? God ? “With dust”

In Chinese Myth ? 女娲

? “With dust”

Creation of the world in 7 days

Day 1

? Then God said, ?Let there be light?; and there was light. And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. (Genesis 1:3-5)

So, first day: Creation of light

Day 2

So, 2nd day: Creation of sky
?

And God said, ?Let there be a dome in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.? So God made the dome and separated the waters that were under the dome from the waters that were above the dome. And it was so. God called the dome Sky. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day. (Genesis 1:6-8)

Day 3

So, 3rd day: Creation of the earth

? And God said, ?Let the waters under the sky be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.? And it was so. God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. … Then God said, ?Let the earth put forth vegetation: plants yielding seed, and fruit trees of every kind on earth that bear fruit with the seed in it.? … And there was evening and there was morning, the third day. (Genesis 1:9-13)

Day 4

? And God said, ?Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years, and let them be lights in the dome of the sky to give light upon the earth.? … God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars. … And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day. (Genesis 1:14-19) So, 4th day: Creation of sun; moon; stars

Day 5

So, 5th day: Creation of birds & sea creatures

? And God said, ?Let the waters bring forth swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the dome of the sky.? So God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, of every kind, with which the waters swarm, and every winged bird of every kind. ... God blessed them, saying, ?Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.? And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day. (Genesis 1:20-23)

Day 6

So, 6th day: Creation of animals and humankind on earth

? And God said, ?Let the earth bring forth living creatures of every kind: cattle and creeping things and wild animals of the earth of every kind.? And it was so. God made the wild animals of the earth of every kind, and the cattle of every kind, and everything that creeps upon the ground of every kind. And God saw that it was good. (Genesis 1:2425) ? Then God said, ?Let us make humankind in our image, according to our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the wild animals of the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.? (Genesis 1:26)

Day 6 Creating land animals and man

Day 7
? And on the seventh day God finished the work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all the work that he had done. So God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all the work that he had done in creation. (Genesis 2:2-3)

古犹太人认识的天体模型

Complete job of the world

Retelling

Story 2: Beginning of human being
Means “ground”

Creation of “Adam”

? then the Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living being. (Genesis 2:8-9)

Garden in Eden

? And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east; and there he put the man whom he had formed. Out of the ground the Lord God made to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food, the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. (Genesis 2:8-9)

And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you shall surely die.” (Genesis 2:16-17)

Means “living”

Creation of “Eve” ? So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then he took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. Then the man said, ‘This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; this one shall be called Woman, for out of Man this one was taken.’ (Genesis 2:21-23)

Origin of “Woman”

The garden of Eden

Cultural reflection:

1. Relationship between human being
2. Relationship between man and woman

3. Concept of marriage 4. Concept of woman

Story 3: Man?s first sin
Temptation

? But the serpent said to the woman, ?You will not die; for God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.? So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate; and she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made loincloths for themselves. (genesis 3:4-7)

Punishment to serpent ? The Lord God said to the serpent, ?Because you have done this, cursed are you among all animals and among all wild creatures; upon your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will strike your head, and you will strike his heel.? (genesis 3:14-15)

Punishment to woman

? To the woman he said, ?I will greatly increase your pangs in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children, yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.? (genesis 3:16)

Punishment to man ? And to the man he said, ?Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree about which I commanded you, “You shall not eat of it”, cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; you are dust, and to dust you shall return.? (genesis 3:17-19)
你本是尘土,终将归于尘土

Fall of man

Result: banishment from the Garden of Eden

Then the Lord God said, ?See, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever? — (genesis 3:22-24)

Cultural reflection

Explanation to man/woman/serpent suffering

Explanation of “Original sin”

literary reflection

you are dust, and to dust you shall return

Biblical Allusions
I would not marry her though she were endowed with all that Adam had left him before he transgressed. --William Shakespeare
When Adam delved and Even span, who was then the gentleman? --John Ball

Biblical Allusions
Gordon’s father used to say that Adam and Eve didn’t know when they were well of. He said that was why they called it the Garden of Eden. ---Christopher Morley In the happy days of Adam and Eve, each family had been a unit in itself and kings and princes and emperors had been unknown. --Hendrik William Van Loon

Story 4: Cain killed his brother
background Children of Adam and Eve

? Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain a tiller of the ground. (genesis 4: 2)

beginning

? In the course of time Cain brought to the Lord an offering of the fruit of the ground, and Abel for his part brought of the firstlings of his flock, their fat portions. (genesis 4: 3-4)

Conflict

? And the Lord had regard for Abel and his offering, but for Cain and his offering he had no regard. So Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell. (genesis 4: 5)

Climax

? Cain said to his brother Abel, ?Let us go out to the field.? And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him. (genesis 4: 8)

Ending ? Then the Lord said to Cain, ?Where is your brother Abel?? He said, ?I do not know; am I my brother?s keeper?? (genesis 4: 9)

punishmen t When you till the ground, it will no longer yield to you its strength; you will be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth.? (genesis 4: 12)

God?s salvatio n

? Then the Lord said to him, ?Not so! Whoever kills Cain will suffer a sevenfold vengeance.? And the Lord put a mark on Cain, so that no one who came upon him would kill him. (Genesis 4:15)
Result

Then Cain went away from the presence of the Lord, and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden. (Genesis 4: 16)

Biblical Allusion:
And the natural consequence is, as anybody but a baby might have foreseen, that he prowls and wanders. He’s like Cain before he was grown up, as he can be. --Charles Dickens

Cultural reflection:
Original sin God’s punishment God’s salvation

Genesis 3
Adam and Eve eat of the forbidden fruit (original sin) Adam and Eve begin the cycle of sin God comes in the cool of the day to seek out and question Adam and Eve Adam and Eve are banished from the garden

Genesis 4
Cain murders his brother (original sin) Cain continues the cycle of sin God comes to seek out and question Cain about his brother Abel Cain is banished from his home to a foreign land

Salvation: God punish them, but not abandon them.

Story 5: Noah?s Ark
background ? And the Lord was sorry that he had made humankind on the earth, and it grieved him to his heart. So the Lord said, ?I will blot out from the earth the human beings I have created—people together with animals and creeping things and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them.? But Noah found favor in the sight of the Lord. (genesis 6:6-8)

Noah? s 3 sons

Ham; Shem; Japheth

Noah?s ark ? Make yourself an ark of cypress wood; make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch. This is how you are to make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. Make a roof for the ark, and finish it to a cubit above; and put the door of the ark in its side; make it with lower, second, and third decks. (Genesis 6:14-15)

Construction of ark

Lord?s covenant
? But I will establish my covenant with you; and you shall come into the ark, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons? wives with you. And of every living thing, of all flesh, you shall bring two of every kind into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and female. … Also take with you every kind of food that is eaten, and store it up; and it shall serve as food for you and for them.? (Genesis 6:18-21)
animals boarding Noah's Ark in pairs

flood

? And all flesh died that moved on the earth... He blotted out every living thing that was on the face of the ground, human beings and animals and creeping things and birds of the air; they were blotted out from the earth. (genesis 7:21-23)
Subsiding of waters of the deluge

Flood subsides Noah descending from Ararat

? and in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. (Genesis 8:4)

Noah?s Ark
Mount Ararat (Turkey)

Mediterranean

Israel
(Future)

Egypt

Turkey

Mount Ararat

Mediterranean Sea

Cyprus

Israel
NASA Photo

Can you find cultural reflection?
? He waited another seven days, and again he sent out the dove from the ark; and the dove came back to him in the evening, and there in its beak was a freshly plucked olive leaf; so Noah knew that the waters had subsided from the earth. (Genesis 8:1011)

Cultural reflection
1. Dove and olive leaf Peac e 2. seven

?

Cultural reflection
“When the bow is in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.? God said to Noah, ?This is the sign of the covenant that I have established between me and all flesh that is on the earth.? (Genesis 9:16-17)
Covenant of bow

3. Rainbow

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Biblical Allusions
For it is my belief that there was never a ship’s company so spoiled since Noah put to sea. —Robert Louis Stevenson
There is, sure, another flood toward, and these couples are coming to the ark. —William Shakespeare Don and Alice have no children, but their home is like Noah?s Ark. —David Kwan When I’m a man, I shall make a boat with a wooden house on the top of it, like Noah?s ark, and keep plenty to eat in it rabbits and things — all ready. —George Eliot

Canaan being cursed

Historical root?

? Noah, a man of the soil, was the first to plant a vineyard. He drank some of the wine and became drunk, and he lay uncovered in his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside. Then Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and walked backwards and covered the nakedness of their father; their faces were turned away, and they did not see their father?s nakedness. When Noah awoke from his wine and knew what his youngest son had done to him, he said, ?Cursed be Canaan; lowest of slaves shall he be to his brothers.? He also said, ?Blessed by the Lord my God be Shem; and let Canaan be his slave. May God make space for Japheth, and let him live in the tents of Shem; and let Canaan be his slave.? (genesis 9: 20-27)

Biblical Allusions
This negro stood by a carriage so old that Ham himself might have started a back line with it after he left the ark with the two animals hitched to it. — O. Henry …that burlesque uniform and regalia of the tragic burlesque of the sons of Ham---- a slight silent child who could not even speak English, —William Faulkner The curse of the black race is God’s curse. But the curse of the white race is the black man who will be forever God’s chosen own because He once cursed Ham. —William Faulkner

Seed of the Serpent

Seed of the Woman

Cain & Abel

Seth
Enoch

Lamech

Noah Shem Abraham
Ancestors Of Jews

Ham Canaan

Story 5: The Tower of Babel

It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there (Genesis 11:2).

Story 5: The Tower of Babel
And they said to one another, ‘Come, let us make bricks, and burn them thoroughly.’ And they had brick for stone, and bitumen for mortar. Then they said, ‘Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves; otherwise we shall be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.’ (Genesis 11:3-4)

And the Lord said, ‘Look, they are one people, and they have all one language; and this is only the beginning of what they will do; nothing that they propose to do will now be impossible for them. Come, let us go down, and confuse their language there, so that they will not understand one another’s speech.’ So the Lord scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city. Therefore it was called Babel, because there the Lord confused the language of all the earth; and from there the Lord scattered them abroad over the face of all the earth. (Genesis 11:1-9)

Discussion
1. What can we learn from the story ? 2. If you have seen the movie, how would you relate the theme of the movie with the story? 3. Are human beings too proud to think that they can build the Tower of Babel?

Babel (2006) derived from “The Tower of Babel”

Biblical Allusions
History tells that in ancient Babylon, the cradle of our civilization, the people tried to build a tower that would reach to Heaven. But the tower became the tower of Babel, … when the people were suddenly caused to speak different languages. — George J. Hecht

Only foreign tongues used in the days of the Tower of Babel, when no two families spoke alike. — Thomas Hardy

Biblical Allusions
The factories, looming heavy in the black wet night — their tall chimneys rising up into the air like competing Towers of Babel. — Charles Dickens

One way to prevent the EC from becoming a modern tower of Babel would be to make English the Community’s sole official language. — Angus Deming with Meggan Dissly

Judgment
Adam & Eve cast out of the garden. Cain banished for murdering his brother.

Way of Salvation
Redemption promised through the seed of the woman. God marks Cain so none will take vengeance.

Flood brought upon Eight souls saved in the earth. the ark. Languages confused Abraham to be a and nations dispersed. blessing to the nations.

? Next week, we? ll talk about Abraham and several pioneers in Jews? history.

Thank you




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