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2018版高考英语一轮总复* 第一部分 重点全程攻略 Unit 5 Music限时规范特训课件 新人教版必修2


板块四 限时·规范·特训

Ⅰ.阅读理解(建议用时 15′) A
It may seem to be a hard task to traceW1 back the history of rap music, though you often see the informal music associated withP1 highly informal dance style. As far as the origin of rap music is concernedP2,most people agree that it is from Afro-American and Latino Street culture of New York City. Not only in this city but also in the surrounding areas there is the influence of African people and their culture.

Rap is a vocal (口头的) style in which the performer speaks rhythmically and in thyme, generally to a beatW2. The term of rap music is the same with hip-hop music typically- consisting of a rhythmic vocal style called rap. If we see it carefully, then we will definitely notice that the music usually is sung at higher pitches (调). Most of the time rap music is associated with chorus. Though rap music was primarilyW3 an American music style with African influence over its music and lyrics, recently it has been spread to almost the entire world.

There is hardly any country or nation where rap music cannot be seen in some form or another, and it is one of the most popular music styles among the youngsters. However, when it comes to its history, it is believed that hip-hop or rap music started in the early 1970s, and gained much popularity throughout the world during the late 1970s and early 1980s.

The history of rap music and hip-hop music is full of controversies (争议) and bans, as the lyrics sometimes relate to drugs and crime; even most famous pop stars and hip-hop musicians and singers were found to be associated with the controversies in their life. For that reason, no matter how popular this music style was or still is, it has always had a bad reputation in the eyes of mainstreamW4 society.

篇章导读:本文介绍了说唱音乐的发展过程及其现在的 影响力。

1.The passage is mainly about ________. A.when rap music started B.how rap music develops C.what rap music is like D.why rap music is popular 解析:主旨大意题。从第一句“It may seem to be a hard task to trace back the history of rap music, though you often see the informal music associated with highly informal dance style.”及文章内容可知,本段文字主要介绍了说唱音乐的发 展历史。

2.The characteristics of rap music are ________. A.solo, rhymes, beats and pops B. speaking, rhythms, beats and solo C.repeating, speaking, pops and chorus D. speaking, thymes, beats and chorus
解析:细节理解题。从第二段内容可知,说唱音乐主要 特点是反复、押韵、有节奏、合唱。

3.Rap music is now one of the music styles mostly run after by________.
A.the teenagers in Africa B.all kinds of people in the world C.the youngsters all over the world D.the young people in the US 解析:细节理解题。从第三段中的“it is one of the most popular music styles among the youngsters”可知,答案为 C, 即全世界的青年人都喜欢这种音乐形式。

4 . Rap music is often not well thought of by the mainstream because________.
A.it comes from the lower class B. it has a short history C.it is associated with crimes and drugs D. its music is full of controversies 解析:细节理解题。从最后一段第一句中的“as the lyrics sometimes relate to drugs and crime”可知,说唱音乐的歌词有 时和毒品和犯罪有关,故不被主流社会所认同。

W重点单词 1.trace vt. 追溯;查到;发现 2.beat n. 节奏;节拍 3.primarily adv. 主要地;根本地 4.mainstream adj. 主流的;主要的 n. 主流 P重点短语 1.be associated with 与……有关 2.as far as... concerned 就……而言

B [2017·山东省德州市联考]Have you ever heard that we humans use only ten percent of our brains? This opinion holds a certain appealW1 because if it were true, then we could instantly become ten times more intelligent just by firing up that sleepy majority of the brain!

The idea that we use only a small part of the brain dates back toP1 animal experiments in the 19th century. When scientists stimulated (刺激) a specificW2 part of the brain, the
animal moved its leg or tail. If a tiny part of the brain could do something so great, what was the use of the rest of the brain? Some scientists assumedW3 that large parts of the brain were simply useless.

Then, in the early 20th century, scientists observed that stimulating certain parts of the brain had no physical effects. They named these seemingly useless parts of the brain the “silent cortex”. Today we know that in humans, much of the “silent cortex” is actually devoted toP2 complex activities like language, learning, and imagining.

Brain scans have shown that different parts of the brain become much more active as we shift (切换) our attention and focus, but even as we sleep, many areas of the brain are extremelyW4 active. Would you be smarter if your entire brain constantly worked to maximum capacity (能力)? Interestingly enough, the oppositeW5 is probably true. The less brain activity
you need to perform a given task, the more the brain as a whole is able to do.
篇章导读:本文属于科普说明文,科学研究发现人脑中 有百分之九十没有被使用。如果我们把这部分的作用开发出 来,我们会更加聪明。

5.Why does the opinion mentioned in Paragraph 1 seem appealing?
A.People wish to become much smarter. B.People believe it is scientific. C.People know nothing about the brain. D.People want to make little use of their brain.

解析:推理判断题。根据第一段中的“...if it were true, then we could instantly become ten times more intelligent just by firing up that sleepy majority of the brain!”可知,如果这 是真的,那么仅仅通过激活沉睡的大部分大脑,我们就会(比 以前)聪明十倍。故选 A。

6.What did scientists discover in their experiment in the 20th century?
A.The majority of the brain is sleeping. B.Animals' legs and tails have some connection with their brain. C.Stimulation on some parts of the brain causes no physical reaction. D.Certain parts of the brain are devoted to language and learning activities.

解析:细节理解题。根据第三段第一句可知,在 20 世 纪初,科学家们观察到刺激大脑中的某些区域并没有身体反 应。所以答案为 C。

7.“Silent cortex” has proved to be ________. A.sensitive to stimulation B.useful in complex activities C.responsible for physical reaction D.more active than the other parts of the brain 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句中的“Today we know that in humans, much of the ‘silent cortex’ is actually devoted to complex activities”可知,答案为 B。

8.If you need less brain activity to perform a task, ________.
A.you will feel sleepy B.you must shift your focus C.you can use your brain to the fullest D.you will be more productive

解析:推理判断题。根据第四段中最后一句“The less brain activity you need to perform a given task, the more the brain as a whole is able to do.”可知,我们完成一项任务所需 要的大脑活动越少,整个大脑能做的事情也就越多。故选 D。

W重点单词 1.appeal n./v. 呼吁;吸引力;有吸引力 2.specific adj. 具体的;特定的 3.assume vt. 假定;认为 4.extremely adv. 极度地 5.opposite n./adj./adv./prep. 相反;对面的;在对面 地;在……对面
P重点短语 1.date back (to) 追溯到 2.be devoted to 忠于;致力于……

Ⅱ.七选五(建议用时 8′) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白 处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 [2017·海淀区模拟]
Do Actions Speak Louder than Words? Our society is fast paced. We are all rushing from one place to the next, blowing our horn at slow drivers who may be singing songs in the car with their children or pointing out some interesting sights. We don't have time for that silliness today. But we try to say to ourselves that we will make time for fun tomorrow. It is time to take a few deep breaths and think about our actions and our words. __1__

Have you ever really thought about the saying “Actions speak louder than words”? Think about it now. If you say one thing and act in an opposite way, will the words be ignored and just the actions remembered? I don't think so. __2__ It is also equally important to use words to show appreciation, love, approval and happiness and then follow those words with a hug, pat on the back or smile.

__3__ What about the saying? True? Yes! Words carry a lot of weight and will be remembered for years especially when they are written down. Mean words can hurt for that moment and for a lifetime. I am sure that each of us remembers a time when a friend made an unkind comment. __4__ Let's not be a member of that “club”. When was the last time that you hid a love note in a lunch box or in your mate's coat pocket? If you want to see a bright smile, that will do it! The power of this written note will be remembered for many days, even years.

“I can live for two months on a good compliment (夸 奖)”, said Mark Twain. Children grow stronger when they
feel appreciated and understood. __5__ A perfect way to turn a bad day around is to praise your child. “I noticed that your hair looked very nice today.”“Did you hang your coat up all by yourself?” It is amazing how those few words can change a
child's outlook... almost immediately. Don't stop there...One of my sisters ended a phone conversation with three words—“I love you”! Boy, that put a spring in my step! Mark Twain is
right. I still feel the positive effect of those three little but very powerful words.

A.The pen is more powerful than the sword. B.Is it really reasonable to do something like that? C.Do they display the attitude that we want to convey? D.It is important to have your words match your actions. E.Behavior is a mirror in which everyone shows his image. F.Those words did lasting damage to you, the relationship or both. G.Don't be afraid to show your child with encouraging
words all day long.

篇章导读:作者通过结合日常生活对“事实胜于雄辩” 进行了新的阐释:“说”在我们的生活中也起着举足轻重的 作用。

1.C 本题为“段尾空”,需关注上文前句。根据上 文说我们该思考我们的行动和语言了,那么接下来应该是提 出问题。因此选择 C。
2.D 本题为“段中空”,需关注空前后句。空前句 说作者认为当言行不一致时,不应该只重视行动而忽视语 言。空后句说语言的表达是同等重要的。那么该空的对象应 该是行动和语言二者。七个选项中,只有 D 可以满足这一 条件,而且下文说在语言之后要跟着拥抱等行动,所以语言 和行动应该匹配。因此选择 D。

3.A 本题为“段首空”,需关注后句。根据下句的 the saying 可知,设空句为一句有含义的说法。可能的选项 有 A(强调笔),E(强调行动),G(强调鼓励孩子)。根据下文 强调 words 的重要性,以及“especially when they are written down”,可知 A 选项关键词 pen 和 powerful 最为符合。故选 A。

4.F 本题为“段中空”,需关注本空前后句内容。前 句说当朋友们说一些不友善的言论时我们会记一阵子,后句 说“let's not be”,由此可知该空填的应该是不好的事情。符 合负责任的态度的选项有 B(强调 do something)和 F(强调 those words), 因为上文是 unkind comment。故选 F。

5.G 本题为“段中空”,需关注本句前后句内容。 前一句强调孩子们在受到欣赏和理解后会更加强大。后一句 说一个很好的方法是表扬孩子。所以此空仍然应该是有关激 励孩子的信息。故本题选 G。

Ⅲ.语法填空(建议用时 8′) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或 括号内单词的正确形式。 [2017·山西四校联考]Breakfast has been called the most important meal of the day. While every meal counts, the facts are on the table: Eating in the morning __1__ (have) positive effects on health and on kids' ability __2__ (learn).

What's the nutritious breakfast? A meal consisting of foods from at least two of the five food groups is the __3__ (healthy), but the truth is __4__ a bite of nearly any food in the morning is better than none, especially when it comes to kids.
It's a good idea to get your child __5__ the habit of eating breakfast before he begins kindergarten. That's because teenagers __6__ eat breakfast tend to behave better in school. Hunger makes it harder to keep your mind __7__ (focus) on learning, no matter what your age. In fact, studies show breakfast skippers are often more bad-tempered and have __8__ (short) attention.

When you forget eating in the morning, blood glucose (血 糖) drops. Glucose is the fuel your cells need to function, so brain cells become particularly lazy when glucose concentrations (浓度) are insufficient. Without adequate __9__ (energetic), young minds get gray, blocking concentration and memory. Without the morning meal, kids are hard-pressed to meet daily nutrient needs, too.
You are probably pressed for time in the morning, and __10__ are your children.

1._h_a_s_____ 2._to__le_a_rn___ 3._he_a_l_th_i_e_st_ 4._t_h_a_t ____ 5.i_n_to______ 6._w_h_o_/_th_a_t_ 7._fo_c_u_s_e_d__ 8._s_h_o_r_te_r__ 9._e_n_e_rg_y___ 10.__so______ 篇章导读:本文介绍的是早餐是三餐中最重要的,以及 孩子们吃早餐的好处。

1.has 考查主谓一致。句子主语是动名词短语,且全 文使用一般现在时,故用 has。
2.to learn 考查非谓语动词作定语。ability 后应用不 定式作定语。
3.healthiest 考查形容词的最高级。根据“of the five food groups”以及 the 可确定用最高级。

4.that 考查表语从句。从句中主系表成份齐全,句意 完整,故用 that。
5.into 考查固定搭配。get sb. into the habit of (doing) sth.意为“使某人养成(做)某事的*惯”。
6.who/that 考查定语从句。从句中缺少主语,且指人, 故用 that/who 均可。
7.focused 考查非谓语动词作宾补。“keep+宾语+ 宾补”结构,且 mind 与 focus 之间为被动关系。

8.shorter 考查形容词的比较级。and 前是“more bad -tempered”,故用比较级。
9.energy 考查词性转换。前面是形容词应修饰名词, 故填 energy。
10.so 考查固定句式。“so+助动词+主语”表示与 上文所提到的情况相同。

Ⅳ.书面表达(建议用时 21′) [2017·洛阳统考]假定你是李华,得知你的美国笔友 Eric 获得了“汉语桥”世界大学生中文演讲比赛一等奖。你为他 感到骄傲,并给他写一封祝贺信,要点如下: 1.表示祝贺;2.分享快乐;3.寄予希望。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语和结束语已为你写好。

Dear Eric, I am writing to offer my sincerest congratulations to you
on your receiving the first prize of “Chinese Bridge” Chinese speech contest.
_______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________
Yours, Li Hua

[标准范文] Dear_Eric,
I_am_writing_to_offer_my_sincerest_congratulations_to_ you_on_your_receiving_the_first_prize_of_“Chinese_Bridge”_ Chinese_speech_contest. I know you have worked very hard in the past years, which is a reward you richly deserve. I just want you to know how lucky I am to be able to share your pride and how pleased I am at your success.

I am sure you will make greater progress in your study and obtain a bright future in your life. At last, I hope to see you and communicate with each other soon.
Best wishes! Yours, Li_Hua